What are the First Five Steps in First Aid?

According to a Red Cross Survey, too many people have a fear of taking action when someone needs help. The report suggests, for anyone finding themselves in a life-threatening emergency situation, there’s a 50-50 chance  someone will actually step forward to offer first aid.

The survey found:

  • While most (88%) would want someone to come to our aid, only half (50%) of adults would actually feel confident about helping.
  • The majority of those asked (70%) said that they would worry about making it worse or doing something wrong.
  • Most worryingly, just 4% of people knew the correct first aid skills, and said they were both confident and likely to help someone in three of the most life-threatening scenarios, such as heavy bleeding or someone stopping breathing.

By administering immediate care during an emergency, you can help an ill or injured person before EMS, or Emergency Medical Services, arrive.  You may even help save a life.  However, even after training, remembering the right first aid steps – and administering them correctly – can be difficult.  In order to help you deliver the right care at the right time, the Red Cross has created this simple step-by-step guide that you can print up and place on your refrigerator, in your car, in your bag or at your desk.


1.  Before administering care to an ill or injured person, check the scene and the person. Size up the scene and form an initial impression.

Pause and look at the scene and the person before responding. Answer the following questions:

  • Is the scene safe to enter?
  • What happened?
  • How many people are involved?
  • What is my initial impression about the nature of the person’s illness or injury?
  • Does the person have any life-threatening conditions, such as severe, life-threatening bleeding?
  • Is anyone else available to help?

2.  If the Person is awake and Responsive and there is no severe life-threatening bleeding:

  • Obtain consent: Tell the person your name, describe type and level of training, state what you think is wrong and what you plan to do, and ask permission to provide care.
  • Tell a bystander to get the AED and first aid kit: Point to a bystander and speak out loud.
  • Use appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE); Put on gloves, if available.
  • Interview the person: Use questions to gather more information about signs and symptoms, allergies, medications, pertinent medical history, last food or drink and events leading up to the incident.
  • Conduct a head-to-toe check: Check head and neck, shoulders, chest and abdomen, hips, legs and feet, arms and hands for signs of injury.
  • Provide care consistent with knowledge and training according to the conditions you find.

3.  If the Person Appears Unresponsive:

Shout to get the person’s attention, using the person’s name if it is known. If there is no response, tap the person’s shoulder (if the person is an adult or child) or the bottom of the person’s foot (if the person is an infant) and shout again, while checking for normal breathing. Check for Responsiveness and breathing for no more than 5-10 seconds.

4.  If the person is breathing:

  • Send someone to call 911 or the designated emergency number and obtain an AED and first aid kit.
  • Proceed with gathering information from bystanders using questions.
  • Conduct a head-to-toe check.
  • Roll the person onto his or her side into a recovery position if there are no obvious signs of injury.

5.  If the person is NOT breathing:

  • Send someone to call 911 or the designated emergency number and obtain an AED and first aid kit.
  • Ensure that the person is face-up on a firm, flat surface such as the floor or ground.
  • Begin CPR (starting with compressions) or use an AED if one is immediately available.
  • Continue administering CPR until the person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing, an AED becomes available, or EMS or trained medical responders arrive on scene.

Note:  End CPR if the scene becomes unsafe or you cannot continue due to exhaustion.


Often, the first responders that save lives are not medically trained professionals.  It is essential, in those first few minutes, those who need medical attention receive care, even from those not necessarily medically trained.

The first steps you take in medicine are often the most important.  Just like taking control of a First Aid situation, taking control of your healthcare today can be the first important step toward wellness.  At HealthLynked, we can help.

Mange your own medical records and those of your family, carry them with you wherever you go, and make appointments on the fly.  All this for Free!

Go to HealthLynked.com, now, to take the fist steps to better wellness.

Emergency 101

 

At what point does a fever or stomachache become a medical emergency? If you slice your finger with a knife, or you are having the worst headache you’ve ever had, should you seek emergency care? How do you know?

The following is advice for how to handle common emergency medical conditions. This section does not contain all the signs or symptoms of medical emergencies, and the advice is not intended to be a substitute for consulting with a medical professional. If you think you are experiencing a medical emergency, seek immediate medical attention.

Abdominal or belly pain can have many causes. It may be due to food poisoning, an intestinal or gall bladder obstruction, an infection or inflammation. It could also be appendicitis, a kidney stone or peptic ulcer disease.

Many drugs cause side effects, and certain medicines can trigger life threatening reactions allergic and non allergic in some people. Some medicines also interact with other medications and cause adverse drug reactions.

Anaphylaxis is a severe, life threatening, multisystemic allergic reaction that is triggered by common substances, such as foods, insect stings, medications and latex.

Although asthma and allergies are two separate conditions asthma is a chronic disease of the bronchial airtubes, whereas allergies involve an overreaction of the body’s disease fighting immune system the two conditions can be intertwined and often overlap.

Acute back problems may be experienced by almost everyone at some point in their lives. There are many causes of back pain, including accidents, muscle strains, sports injuries; acquired nerve, disc or muscle disorders; mechanical problems involving the spine; and infections and tumors.

Most bites and stings are easily treatable and non threatening. However, some insects, snakes, jellyfish and even humans can bite or break the skin and potentially introduce disease into your body.

Broken bones (also called fractures) are a common injury for adults and children. They may be caused by falls, motor vehicle crashes, direct blows and even intentional injuries, such as violence and child abuse.

About 4,000 people die each year in the United States from fire and burn injuries. Burns are one of the leading causes of childhood injury. They can be caused by scalding from hot liquids or cooking oils, contact with flames, or from overexposure to the sun.

Emergency physicians used a patient’s personal activity tracker and smartphone to identify the time his heart arrhythmia started, which allowed them to treat his new-onset atrial fibrillation with electrical cardioversion and discharge him home.

The recent and sudden deaths of several well-known celebrities from heart-related issues should focus everyone’s attention on the dangers of heart disease and knowing the symptoms of a serious problem.

ACEP recommends that the Heimlich Maneuver be employed only when a person is choking and his or her life is endangered by a windpipe obstruction.

Most cuts are minor, but it’s still important to care for them. Most can be treated by cleaning with soap and water and applying a clean bandage.

It is estimated that more than 20 million people in the United States have diabetes, with an estimated six million people being unaware they have it.

Earaches and ear infections can have a variety of causes – viral, bacterial and fungal – and can affect different parts of the ear.

Causes of electrical injury and shock include accidental exposure to household or appliance wiring, arcs from power lines, the severing of an electrical cord or sticking of foreign objects into an outlet (typically in the case of a young child).

Eye wounds and emergencies can include cuts and scratches, traumatic injuries from foreign objects, burns and chemical exposure (e.g., cleaning solutions, garden chemicals). Any of these conditions can potentially lead to vision loss if left untreated. Always wear eye protection.

Fainting is a loss of consciousness caused when the blood supply to the brain is momentarily interrupted. While typically sudden and alarming, it usually is not harmful (unless the person suffers fainting related injuries), and consciousness is typically regained quickly.

Fever by itself is not an illness, but a symptom for a range of medical conditions. It also can be a side effect of some medications. Fever is one of the most common reasons that parents visit an emergency department with a child.

In the United States approximately 10,000 people die each year from food poisoning, and many more become ill and require medical attention.

Young children, especially those under age five, sometimes put items, such as marbles, beads, dried beans, tiny button-shaped batteries or small toys in their ears, noses and mouths. It’s important to seek immediate medical attention to remove them, if they are not easily removable.

Head injuries can be caused by falls, motor vehicle crashes and even violence. It’s important to prevent injuries by buckling your seat belt in your car and wearing safety equipment, such as helmets, while biking or playing sports.

Headaches have a variety of causes. Some are caused by stress and muscle tension, while others may be caused by lack of sleep, a delayed meal, an injury or even foods (e.g., lack of caffeine, alcohol, chocolate, cheeses, nuts, food).

Heat related illness can be caused by overexposure to the sun or any situation that involves extreme heat. Young children and the elderly are most at risk, but anyone can be affected.

Hypothermia is a potentially life-threatening condition caused by overexposure to cold air or cold water. Although most people typically are not at risk of developing hypothermia, the condition can strike anyone, depending on their individual circumstances, weather conditions and level of exposure in a cold or wet environment.

Medical emergencies can be frightening and stressful. But knowing what to do in an emergency can help you effectively deal with the situation. Here you can find information about emergencies.

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