Osteoarthritis causes pain in your joints and can make it hard to move. Although OA can be painful, you can get relief with a number of treatments from pain relievers to surgery. Find what these treatments are and how they work.
Cedric Ortiguera, M.D., orthopedic surgeon at the Mayo Clinic campus in Jacksonville discusses several frequently asked questions regarding osteoarthritis and knee replacement surgery. In this video, Dr. Ortiguera mentions how osteoarthritis is the most common reason for needing knee replacement surgery and how there is currently no cure for osteoarthritis. He describes how knee replacement surgery replaces the worn out cartilage in the knee with an artificial knee cap.
To learn more, visit http://mayocl.in/2zR5wLJ.
This video will mention:
• The success rate of surgery
• The duration of your time in the hospital including, surgery, post surgery and physical therapy.
• The length of time to expect a knee replacement to last
• The types of low impact activities that you will be able to do with a knee replacement
• The potential complications of a knee replacement
• How Mayo Clinic will help control the pain during the surgery and during the recovery process
• The advances in knee replacement technology
• The rate of recovery for a knee replacement surgery
Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease, a result of the immune system attacking the tissues that line the body’s joints. This causes pain, swelling, and stiffness in the joints and the pain is often symmetrical. It is more common in women and in those who are middle aged, but it can happen to anyone.
Osteoarthritis happens over time. It is the most common form of arthritis, and it usually occurs in older people. The protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wear down as you age, making it difficult to move. It usually affects one side of the body. Osteoarthritis can damage any joint in your body, though it most commonly affects joints in your hands, knees, hips, and spine.
Jay Smith, M.D., vice chair of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Mayo Clinic describes a clinical trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cell injections as a treatment for patients with osteoarthritic knees.
Shane Shapiro, M.D., orthopedic physician at Mayo Clinic in Florida, discusses a regenerative medicine clinical research trial to treat knee arthritis, which is the bone marrow stem cell treatment (BMAC) for knee osteoarthritis.
Mayo Clinic and the Mayo Center for Regenerative Medicine is studying biologically based non-surgical treatments for osteoarthritis. One such treatment is the harvesting of the patient’s own stem cells from their bone marrow.
“In our procedure we draw cellular rich bone marrow from both sides of the pelvis. We then filter the resulting product and concentrate the stem cells and their corresponding growth factors. Using an ultrasound to image the knee joint, we are then able to precisely inject the cells into the arthritic knee. We are currently demonstrating that this procedure is safe and can relieve pain. We also hope to be able to slow the progression of the degenerative joint disease and perhaps one day regrow cartilage in the arthritic joint.”
See video of this procesure here: http://youtu.be/yUfuhLOgeBw (WARNING: graphic due to the nature of actual surgery footage)
Learn more about the Mayo Clinic Center for Regenerative Medicine here: http://goo.gl/rnRdtU
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